Monday . 2 August . 2021

The Windows Task Manager is a powerful tool packed with useful information, from your system’s overall resource usage khổng lồ detailed statistics about each process. This guide explains every feature and technical term in the Task Manager.

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This article focuses on Windows 10’s Task Manager, although much of this also applies khổng lồ Windows 7. Microsoft has dramatically improved the Task Manager since the release of Windows 7.


How khổng lồ Launch the Task Manager

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Windows offers many ways to launch the Task Manager. Press Ctrl+Shift+Esc to lớn open the Task Manager with a keyboard shortcut or right-cliông chồng the Windows taskbar and select “Task Manager.”

You can also press Ctrl+Alt+Delete và then click “Task Manager” on the screen that appears or find the Task Manager shortcut in your Start thực đơn.

The Simple View

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The first time you launch the Task Manager, you’ll see a small, simple window. This window lists the visible applications running on your desktop, excluding background applications. You can select an application here & cliông chồng “End Task” khổng lồ cthua it. This is useful if an application isn’t responding—in other words, if it’s frozen—và you can’t cđại bại it the usual way.


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You can also right-clichồng an application in this window to lớn access more options:

Switch To: Switch lớn the application’s window, bringing it to lớn the front of your desktop & putting it in focus. This is useful if you’re not sure which window is associated with which application.End Task: End the process. This works the same as the “End Task” button.Run New Task: xuất hiện the Create New Task window, where you can specify a program, thư mục, document, or website address & Windows will open it.Always On Top: Make the Task Manager window itself “always on top” of other windows on your desktop, letting you see it at all times.xuất hiện File Location: mở cửa a File Explorer window showing the location of the program’s .exe file.Search Online: Perkhung a Bing search for the program’s application name và tệp tin name. This will help you see exactly what the program is và what it does.Properties: mở cửa the Properties window for the program’s .exe tệp tin. Here you can tweak compatibility options và see the program’s version number, for example.

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While the Task Manager is open, you’ll see a Task Manager ibé in your notification area. This shows you how much CPU (central processing unit) resources are currently in use on your system, & you can mouse over it lớn see memory, disk, và network usage. It’s an easy way to keep tabs on your computer’s CPU usage.

To see the system tray icon without the Task Manager appearing on your taskbar, clichồng Options > Hide When Minimized in the full Task Manager interface & minimize the Task Manager window.

The Task Manager’s Tabs Explained

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To see the Task Manager’s more advanced tools, cliông chồng “More Details” at the bottom of the simple view window. You’ll see the full, tabbed interface appear. The Task Manager will remember your preference and will open to the more advanced view in the future. If you want to get baông chồng to the simple view, click “Fewer Details.”

With More Details selected, the Task Manager includes the following tabs:

Processes: A danh sách of running applications and background processes on your system along with CPU, memory, disk, network, GPU, and other resource usage information.Startup: A danh sách of your startup programs, which are the applications Windows automatically starts when you sign into your user tài khoản. You can disable startup programs from here, although you can also vì chưng that from Settings > Apps > Startup.Users: The user accounts currently signed inlớn your PC, how much resources they’re using, và what applications they’re running.Details: More detailed information about the processes running on your system. This is basically the traditional “Processes” tab from the Task Manager on Windows 7.Services: Management of system services. This is the same information you’ll find in services.msc, the Services management console.

Managing Processes

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The Processes tab shows you a comprehensive danh sách of processes running on your system. If you sort it by name, the danh sách is broken inkhổng lồ three categories. The Apps group shows the same menu of running applications you’d see in the “Fewer details” simplified view. The other two categories are background processes và Windows processes, and they show processes that don’t appear in the standard simplified Task Manager view.


For example, tools lượt thích Dropbox, your antivirus program, background update processes, và hardware utilities with notification area (system tray) icons appear in the background processes các mục. Windows processes include various processes that are part of the Windows operating system, although some of these appear under “Background processes” instead for some reason.

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You can right-cliông chồng a process lớn see actions you can perform. The options you’ll see in the context thực đơn are:

Expand: Some applications, lượt thích Google Chrome, have multiple processes are grouped here. Other applications have multiple windows that are part of a single process. You can select exp&, double-cliông chồng the process, or cliông chồng the arrow to its left lớn see the entire group of processes individually. This option only appears when you right-cliông chồng a group.Collapse: Collapse an expanded group.

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End task: End the process. You can also click the “End Task” button below the các mục.Resource values: Lets you choose whether you want to see the percentage or precise values for memory, disk, & network. In other words, you can choose whether you want lớn see the precise amount of memory in MB or the percentage of your system’s memory applications are using.Create dump file: This is a debugging tool for programmers. It captures a snapshot of the program’s memory và saves it to lớn disk.Go lớn details: Go to lớn the process on the Details tab so you can see more detailed technical information.xuất hiện tệp tin location: mở cửa File Explorer with the process’s .exe tệp tin selected.Search online: Search for the name of the process on Bing.Properties: View the Properties window of the .exe pháo file associated with the process.

You should not kết thúc tasks unless you know what the task does. Many of these tasks are background processes important lớn Windows itself. They often have confusing names, & you may need to lớn perkhung a web search khổng lồ find out what they vị. We have a whole series explaining what various processes vì chưng, from conhost.exe pháo to wsappx.

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This tab also shows you detailed information about each process và their combined resource usage. You can right-click the headings at the top of the list và choose the columns you want to see. The values in each column are color-coded, & a darker orange (or red) color indicates greater resource usage.

You can cliông chồng a column to lớn sort by it—for example, cliông xã the CPU column khổng lồ see running processes sorted by CPU usage with the biggest CPU hogs at the top. The top of the column also shows the total resource usage of all the processes on your system. Drag and drop columns lớn reorder them. The available columns are:

Type: The category of the process, which is App, Background process, or Windows process.Status: If a program appears khổng lồ be frozen, “Not Responding” will appear here. Programs sometimes begin responding after a bit of time & sometimes stay frozen. If Windows has suspended a program to lớn save power, a green leaf will appear in this column. Modern UWPhường. apps can suspkết thúc to lớn save sầu power, và Windows can also suspend traditional desktop apps.Publisher: The name of the program’s publisher. For example, Chrome displays “Google Inc.” and Microsoft Word displays “Microsoft Corporation.”PID: The process identifier number Windows has associated with the process. The process ID may be used by certain functions or system utilities. Windows assigns a unique process ID each time it starts a program, & the process ID is a way of distinguishing between several running processes if multiple instances of the same program are running.Process Name: The tệp tin name of the process. For example, File Explorer is explorer.exe, Microsoft Word is WINWORD.EXE, và the Task Manager itself is Taskmgr.exe pháo.Commvà Line: The full commvà line used to lớn launch the process. This shows you the full path khổng lồ the process’s .exe file (for example, “C:WINDOWSExplorer.EXE”) as well as any command-line options used to lớn launch the program.CPU: The CPU usage of the process, displayed as a percentage of your total available CPU resources.Memory: The amount of your system’s physical working memory the process is currently using, displayed in MB or GB.Disk: The disk activity a process is generating, displayed as MB/s. If a process isn’t reading from or writing to disk at the moment, it will display 0 MB/s.Network: The network usage of a process on the current primary network, displayed in Mbps.GPU: The GPU (graphics processing unit) resources used by a process, displayed as a percentage of the GPU’s available resources.GPU Engine: The GPU device and engine used by a process. If you have multiple GPUs in your system, this will show you which GPU a process is using. See the Performance tab lớn see which number (“GPU 0” or “GPU 1” is associated with which physical GPU.Power Usage: The estimated power usage of a process, taking into lớn tài khoản its current CPU, disk, và GPU activity. For example, it might say “Very low” if a process isn’t using many resources or “Very high” if a process is using a lot of resources. If it’s high, that means it’s using more electricity and shortening your battery life if you have a laptop.

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Power nguồn Usage Trend: The estimated impact on power usage over time. The Power nguồn Usage column just shows the current power usage, but this column tracks power usage over time. For example, if a program occasionally uses a lot of power but isn’t using much right now, it may say “Very low” in the power usage column and “High” or “Moderate” in the nguồn Usage Trkết thúc column.

Chuyên mục: Tin Tức